h2. Texts from the European Council Regulation 1083/2006 concerning evaluation
* Introduction (52): The effectiveness of assistance from the Funds also depends on the incorporation of a reliable evaluation into programming and monitoring. * Article 33.1.c indicates that evaluation can be a reason for a Monitoring Committee to re-examine and, if necessary, revise the Operational Programme. In the Regulation, Member State is mentioned. For a Territorial Cooperation programme this will be the Monitoring Committee. * Article 37.1.g.ii: Each Operational Programme has to contain "a description of the monitoring and evaluation system". Experience shows that most Operational Programmes only describe it in very general terms. * Article 37.1.g.vi: Each Operational Programme has to contain "a description of the procedures agreed between the Commission and the Member State for the exchange of computerised data to meet the payment, monitoring and evaluation requirements laid down by this Regulation". * Article 46.1 indicates that the technical assistance priority can be a maximum of 6% of the budget of the programme, from which the evaluation activities of the programme can also be financed. * Articles 47-49 describe evaluation in more detail:
"Article 47 General provisions 1. Evaluations shall aim to improve the quality, effectiveness and consistency of the assistance from the Funds and the strategy and implementation of Operational Programmes with respect to the specific structural problems affecting the Member States and regions concerned, while taking account of the objective of sustainable development and of the relevant Community legislation concerning environmental impact and strategic environmental assessment. 2. Evaluations may be of a strategic nature in order to examine the evolution of a programme or group of programmes in relation to Community and national priorities, or of an operational nature in order to support the monitoring of an Operational Programme. Evaluations shall be carried out before, during and after the programming period. 3. Evaluations shall be carried out under the responsibility of the Member State or the Commission, as appropriate, in accordance with the principle of proportionality laid down in Article 13. Evaluations shall be carried out by experts or bodies, internal or external, functionally independent of the authorities referred to in Article 59(b) and (c). The results shall be published according to the applicable rules on access to documents. 4. Evaluations shall be financed from the budget for technical assistance. 5. The Commission shall provide indicative guidance on evaluation methods, including quality standards, in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 103(2).
Article 48 Responsibility of Member States 1. The Member States shall provide the resources necessary for carrying out evaluations organise the production and gathering of the necessary data and use the various types of information provided by the monitoring system. They may also draw up, where appropriate, under the Convergence objective, in accordance with the principle of proportionality set out in Article 13, an Evaluation Plan presenting the indicative evaluation activities which the Member State intends to carry out in the different phases of the implementation. 2. Member States shall carry out an ex ante evaluation for each Operational Programme separately under the Convergence objective. In duly justified cases, taking into account the proportionality principle as set out in Article 13 and as agreed between the Commission and the Member State, Member States may carry out a single ex ante evaluation covering more than one Operational Programme. For the Regional competitiveness and employment objective, Member States shall carry out either an ex ante evaluation covering all the Operational Programmes or an evaluation for each Fund or an evaluation for each priority or an evaluation for each Operational Programme. For the European Territorial Cooperation objective, the Member States shall jointly carry out an ex ante evaluation covering either each Operational Programme or several Operational Programmes. Ex ante evaluations shall be carried out under the responsibility of the authority responsible for the preparation of the programming documents. Ex ante evaluations shall aim to optimise the allocation of budgetary resources under Operational Programmes and improve programming quality. They shall identify and appraise the disparities, gaps and potential for development, the goals to be achieved, the results expected, the quantified targets, the coherence, if necessary, of the strategy proposed for the region, the Community value-added, the extent to which the Community's priorities have been taken into account, the lessons drawn from previous programming and the quality of the procedures for implementation, monitoring, evaluation and financial management. 3. During the programming period, Member States shall carry out evaluations linked to the monitoring of Operational Programmes, in particular where that monitoring reveals a significant departure from the goals initially set or where proposals are made for the revision of Operational Programmes, as referred to in Article 33. The results shall be sent to the Monitoring Committee for the Operational Programme and to the Commission.
Article 49 Responsibility of the Commission 1. The Commission may carry out strategic evaluations. 2. The Commission may carry out, at its initiative and in partnership with the Member State concerned, evaluations linked to the monitoring of Operational Programmes where the monitoring of programmes reveals a significant departure from the goals initially set. The results shall be sent to the Monitoring Committee for the Operational Programme. 3. The Commission shall carry out an ex post evaluation for each objective in close cooperation with the Member State and Managing Authorities. Ex post evaluation shall cover all the Operational Programmes under each objective and examine the extent to which resources were used, the effectiveness and efficiency of Fund programming and the socio-economic impact. It shall be carried out for each of the objectives and shall aim to draw conclusions for the policy on economic and social cohesion. It shall identify the factors contributing to the success or failure of the implementation of Operational Programmes and identify good practice. Ex post evaluation shall be completed by 31 December 2015." * Article 60.c indicates that the Managing Authority has to ensure "that there is a system for recording and storing in computerised form accounting records for each operation under the Operational Programme and that the data on implementation necessary for financial management, monitoring, verifications, audits and evaluation are collected". * Article 60.e indicates that the Managing Authority has to ensure that the required evaluations are carried out. * Article 65.c indicates that the Monitoring Committee shall "examine the results of implementation, particularly the achievement of the targets set for each priority axis and the evaluations". * Article 67.2.d.i indicates that the Managing Authority has to send an annual report (by 30 June from 2008-2016 and a final report by 31 March 2017) that includes _inter alia_ the steps taken by the Managing Authority or the Monitoring Committee to ensure the quality and effectiveness of implementation, in particular the monitoring and evaluation measures, including data collection arrangements.
h2. IPA Regulation 1085/2006 on evaluation
_Article 16_ Assistance may also be used to cover the costs of actions linked to preparation, follow-up, control, audit and evaluation directly necessary for the administration of the programme and the attainment of its objectives, in particular studies, meetings, information and publicity, expenses linked to informatics networks aiming at information exchange, as well as any other expenses for administrative and technical assistance of which the Commission can avail itself for the administration of the programme. It also covers the cost of the administrative support for the purposes of devolved programme management in the Commission delegations in third countries.
_Article 22 Evaluation_ The Commission shall regularly evaluate the results and efficiency of policies and programmes and the effectiveness of programming in order to ascertain whether the objectives have been met and enable it to formulate recommendations with a view to improving future operations. The Commission shall send relevant evaluation reports to the Committees referred to in Article 14 for discussion. These results shall feed back into programme design and resource allocation.
INTERACT is co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)